Technically she was Queen of France for twenty minutes, in 1830, between the time her father-in-law signed the instrument of abdication and the time her husband, reluctantly, signed the same document. In contrast to her image as a materialistic queen who ignored the plight of the poor, Marie Antoinette attempted to teach her daughter about the sufferings of others. Marie Thérèse of Austria (Spanish: María Teresa de Austria; French: Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche; 10 September 1638 – 30 July 1683), was by birth Infanta of Spain and Portugal (until 1640) and Archduchess of Austria as member of the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg and by marriage Queen of France.. She was the only surviving daughter of Philip IV, King of Spain and Elisabeth of France. The famous antiquarian the Duke of Blacas was also buried there in honor of his dutiful years of service as a minister to Louis XVIII and Charles X. Marie-Thérèse is described on her gravestone as the "Queen Dowager of France", a reference to her husband's 20 min rule as King Louis XIX of France. Technically Marie-Thérèse was Queen of France for twenty minutes, on 2 August 1830. [11], As the political situation deteriorated, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette realized that their lives were in danger, and went along with the plan of escape organised with the help of Count Axel von Fersen. She can obtain no news of her mother; nor be reunited to her, though she has asked it a thousand times. While it is now generally agreed that the Queen's actions did little to provoke such animosity, the damage these pamphlets inflicted upon the monarchy proved to be a catalyst for the upheaval to come. She became the Dauphine of France upon the accession of her father-in-law to the throne of France in 1824. Later, her nephew Henri, the comte de Chambord, last male of the senior line of the House of Bourbon; his wife, the comtesse de Chambord (formerly the Archduchess Marie-Thérèse of Austria-Este, daughter of Duke Francis IV of Modena and his wife, Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy); and the comte's only sister, Louise, Duchess of Parma, were also laid to rest in the crypt in Görz. On January 2, 1667, the royal couple welcomed their fourth child, Marie-Thérèse of France, who was also known as la Petite Madame. On 4 August, in a long cortège, Marie-Thérèse left Rambouillet for a new exile with her uncle, her husband, her young nephew, his mother, the duchesse de Berry, and his sister Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of Artois. Louis XVI was an affectionate father, who delighted in spoiling his daughter, while her mother was stricter. All she knew was that her father was dead. [9] She was the only one of her parents' four children to survive past age 10. She has also been portrayed in the following: Marie-Thérèse was a descendant of the Holy Roman Emperors through her mother, Archduchess Marie-Antoinette of Austria who was a daughter of Empress Maria Theresa I, Holy Roman Empress; The Empress wanted all her eldest granddaughters to be named after her. In 1848, after King Louis Philippe's reign ended in a revolution, France again became a Republic. Marie Thérèse of France (Marie Thérèse Charlotte; 19 December 1778 – 19 October 1851) was the eldest child of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. A child was anxiously expected after seven years of her parents' marriage. [30] Some German historians believe she was the real Marie-Thérèse,[29] who had swapped places with her adoptive-sister, and possible half-sister, Ernestine Lambriquet, following the revolution. Louis XVIII fled France, but Marie-Thérèse, who was in Bordeaux at the time, attempted to rally the local troops. When she had been informed of each of their fates, the distraught Marie-Thérèse began to cry, letting out loud sobs of anguish and grief.[16]:p.156. As the daughter of the king, she was a Fille de France, and as the eldest daughter of the king, she was given the traditional honorific Madame Royale at birth. By 1789, France was hurtling toward revolution as the result of bankruptcy brought on by the country's support of the American Revolution and high food prices due to drought, all of which was exacerbated by propagandists whose central object of scorn and ridicule was the Queen of France, Marie Antoinette. Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte est la plus malheureuse personne du monde. When she was revived, the queen greeted her daughter (whom she later nicknamed Mousseline[4]) with delight: Poor little one, you are not desired, but you will be none the less dear to me! Her husband died in 1844 and was buried next to his father. As was often the case at the time, the King was hopeful of a boy which meant that her gender did come as a disappointment to him. Marie Thérèse in Vienna soon after her departure from Revolutionary France, by Heinrich Füger, 1796. Marie Thérèse was born at the Palace of Versailleson 19 December 1778 as the first child and eldest daughter of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette. Remaining in their apartment in the Tower were Marie Antoinette, Marie-Thérèse and Madame Élisabeth, Louis XVI's youngest sister. The worsening political situation, however, had little effect on Marie-Thérèse, as more immediate tragedies struck when her younger sister, Sophie, died in 1787,[10] followed two years later by the Dauphin, Louis-Joseph, who died of tuberculosis, on 4 June 1789,[10] one day after the opening of the Estates-General. Marie-Therese-Charlotte was the oldest and only surviving child of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI. Marie Thérèse of France (2 January 1667 – 1 March 1672) was the fourth child and third daughter of Louis XIV of France and his wife, Maria Theresa of Spain. The royal family moved to Great Britain, where they settled at Hartwell House, Buckinghamshire,[21] while her father-in-law spent most of his time in Edinburgh, where he had been given apartments at Holyrood House. She was liberated on 18 December 1795, on the eve of her seventeenth birthday,[18] exchanged for prominent French prisoners (Pierre Riel de Beurnonville, Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Hugues-Bernard Maret, Armand-Gaston Camus, Nicolas Marie Quinette and Charles-Louis Huguet de Sémonville) and taken to Vienna, the capital city of her cousin, the Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, and also her mother's birthplace. He also attempted to suppress the many men who claimed to be Marie Thérèse's long-lost younger brother, Louis XVII. Her nephew, who now styled himself as the comte de Chambord, and his sister joined her there. When she was revived, the Queen greeted her daughter (whom she later nicknamed Mousseline) with delight: The Princess was baptized on the day of her birth. The long years of exile ended with the abdication of Napoleon I in 1814, and the first Bourbon Restoration, when Louis XVIII stepped upon the throne of France, twenty-one years after the death of his brother Louis XVI. Her second name, Charlotte, was for her mother's favourite sister, Maria Carolina of Austria, queen consort of Naples and Sicily, who was known as Charlotte in the family. I think it was a cover up over a embarrassing problem. Here is where the story of Louise Marie-Thérèse comes in the child's name is changed from Marie-Anne de France to Louise Marie-Thérèse. French Royalty. She visited the site where her brother had died, and the Madeleine Cemetery where her parents were buried. Later, the royal family left Prague and moved to the estate of Count Coronini near Gorizia, which was then Austrian but is in Italy today. During her imprisonment, Marie-Thérèse was never told what had happened to her family. However, anti-monarchist feeling was on the rise again. • Castelot, André, Madame Royale, Librairie Académique Perrin, Paris, 1962, ISBN 2-262-00035-2 Marie-Thérèse arrived in Vienna on 9 January 1796, in the evening, twenty-two days after she had left the Temple. Ô mon père, veillez sur moi du haut du Ciel. Her stay in the Temple Tower was one of solitude and often great boredom. Marie-Thérèse devotedly nursed her uncle through his last illness there in 1836, when he died of cholera. The royal family lived in what is now 22 (then 21) Regent Terrace in Edinburgh until 1833 when the former king chose to move to Prague as a guest of Marie-Thérèse's cousin, Emperor Francis I of Austria. Live, my good mother! Marie Antoinette was determined that her daughter should not grow up to be as haughty as her husband's unmarried aunts. As a young girl, Marie-Thérèse was noted to be quite attractive, with beautiful blue eyes, inheriting the good looks of her mother and maternal grandmother. They moved into luxurious apartments in Prague Castle. Template:Dauphines of France However, the wedding took place on 10 June 1799 at Jelgava Palace (modern-day Latvia). She spent her days there taking walks, reading, sewing and praying. Possibly as she was too traumatised to resume a role in society, but also as a result of a pregnancy, after abuse by her captors, which was referred to in letter from a family friend, at the Spanish Court, in 1795. Ô mon père, veillez sur moi du haut du Ciel. Marie-Thérèse stayed in Bordeaux despite Napoléon's orders for her to be arrested when his army arrived. The couple had no children. Marie Antoinette almost died of suffocation during this birth due to a crowded and unventilated room, but the windows were finally opened to let fresh air in the room in an attempt to revive her. Charles's ultra-royalist sympathies alienated many members of the working and middle classes. Les Reines de France- Marie de Médicis, Anne d'Autriche, Marie Thérèse d'Autriche, Marie Leczinska, Marie Antoinette, Marie Joséphine de Savoie et Marie Thérèse Charlotte de France… Marie-Thérèse de France was the fourth child and third daughter of Louis XIV and his Queen Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche.As a daughter of the king, she was a Fille de France.At court, as the eldest surviving daughter of the king, she was known by the traditional honorific of "Madame Royale ".Life They moved into luxurious apartments in Prague Castle. Marie-Thérèse Charlotte of France (19 December 1778 – 19 October 1851), Madame Royale, was the eldest child of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, and the only one to reach adulthood (her siblings all dying before the age of 11). But Madame Royale, as Marie-Thérèse was known as eldest daughter of the King, not only survived but went on to live a long and eventful life. 1778, d. 1851), Louis-Joseph-Xavier-François, Dauphin de France (b. The actual care was however given by the sub governesses, notably Baroness Marie Angélique de Mackau. Her husband died in 1844, and he was buried next to his father. She later left Vienna and moved to Mitau, Courland (now Jelgava, Latvia), where her father's eldest surviving brother, the comte de Provence, lived as a guest of Tsar Paul I of Russia. Or did she? On 13 August, the entire family was imprisoned in the Temple Tower, remains of a former medieval fortress. Marie Antoinette, though, did not share … As the daughter of the king, she was a fille de France, and as the eldest daughter of the king, she was styled Madame Royale from birth.